By default, our lives are risky. As we are getting older, the risk of having an illness will progressively higher. Stroke, coronary heart disease, cancer, diabetes and other life-altering problems could affect any of us, if we are not being careful. So, regardless of your daily patterns, you need to do the following to reduce risks in your lives:
- Monitor blood pressure: Blood pressure could jump suddenly without warning, so you need to monitor it regularly. The systolic value is the pressure when your heart is beating and it has higher value. Diastolic value is when your heart rests between two beats. The normal blood pressure should be around 120/80. In reality, hypertension has no real symptoms and it could be the silent killer. If you have hypertension, risks of stroke, heart attack, kidney failure and heart failure are more likely to happen.
- Monitor cholesterol: Your blood cholesterol level should be lower than 200mg/dl. Again, high cholesterol level has no real symptoms. The more accurate way to know it is by checking your blood. LDL cholesterol is notorious for causing deposits inside artery wall. HDL cholesterol is useful for bringing back excess cholesterol to your liver for removal. Other than reducing intake of saturated fat, you should choose food that contains monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats, which are good for your body.
- Be active: If you are active, you should be able to reduce risks of stroke and heart disease. By having an active lifestyle, you can also control obesity, diabetes and blood cholesterol level. Experts recommend that you do at least 30 minutes of daily moderate physical activities. Exercises with moderate intensity may include swimming, raking leaves, biking, gardening and walking with faster pace.
- Reduce weight: When you have excess body fat, you will be overweight. In more severe cases, you can eventually become obese. Even if you are slightly overweight, the risks are higher. Excess body weight could increase the risk of stroke, heart disease, diabetes, high blood triglycerides, high blood cholesterol and high blood pressure. You should be careful if you think that you consume too many calories and you have sedentary lifestyle. Once you become moderately overweight, it will be difficult to return to your ideal body weight. You need to burn 4,000 calories to reduce one pound of bodyweight, which is equal to around a week of moderate exercise sessions.
- Watch signs of diabetes mellitus: Diabetes mellitus is a disease that can alter your lifestyle and causes death. It happens if the production of insulin in your body is insufficient. If your blood sugar level is consistently above 100 mg/dl, then the risk of diabetes mellitus will be higher. There’s also a relation between diabetes and higher level of trygliceride and LDL cholesterol.
Health problems can intense and sudden. However, they can also be progressive, without noticeable symptoms. You need to remove factors that can increase the risks of various health problems. Constant monitoring should also help you to find out whether there are potential problems with your health.